NAGs

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)


Year Formed: 1976
Year Terminated: 1996

Target States:
Iraq

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Demands for Autonomy

External Supporters:

Syria

Iran

Libya

Turkey

United Kingdom

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 102

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1103

References:

____. 1996. 'Iraqi army intervenes in Kurdistan on side of KDP', Agence France Presse, August 31, International news

____. 1996. 'Iraq calls for immediate Iranian withdrawal from Kurdistan', Agence France Presse, August 30, International news

____. 1996. 'Over 100 dead in fighting between rival Iraqi Kurd factions', Agence France Presse, August 21, International news

van Bruinessen, Martin. 1986. 'The Kurds between Iran and Iraq', MERIP Middle East Report, No. 141, Hidden Wars (Jul. - Aug.), pp. 14-27, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3011925       

Entessar, Nader. 1989. 'The Kurdish Mosaic of Discord', Third World Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4, Ethnicity in World Politics (Oct.), pp. 83- 100, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3992332   

Entessar, Nader. 1984. 'The Kurds in Post-Revolutionary Iran and Iraq', Third World Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct.), pp. 911-933, http://www.jstor.org/stable/3991802       

Gunter, M. M. 2009. 'The A to Z of the Kurds', Scarecrow Press, ISBN 978-0-8108-6818-2 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8108-6334-7 (ebook)  

Gunter, M. M. 2004. 'Historical dictionary of the Kurds', Scarecrow Press, ISBN: 0810867516

Gunter, M. M. 2004. 'The Kurdish Question in Perspective', World Affairs, Vol. 166, No. 4 (SPRING), pp. 197-205, http://www.jstor.org/stable/20672696       

Gunter, M. M. 1996. 'The KDP-PUK Conflict in Northern Iraq', Middle East Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2 (Spring), pp. 224-241, http://www.jstor.org/stable/4328927       

Gunter, M. M. 1994. 'A Trip to Free Kurdistan', Political Science and Politics, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar.), pp. 146-148, http://www.jstor.org/stable/420475       

Gunter, M. M. 1992. 'Foreign Influences on the Kurdish Insurgency in Iraq', The Journal of conflict studies, 2(4), Pp.7-24     

Jabary, Kawa and Hira, Anil. 2013. 'THE KURDISH MIRAGE: A SUCCESS STORY IN DOUBT', Middle East Policy, Summer2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p99-112, 14p, 1 Chart 

McDowall, D. 2004. 'A modern history of the Kurds', I. B. Tauris, London, ISBN-13: 978-1850434160

Stansfield, G. R. V. 2003. 'Iraqi Kurdistan: Political development and emergent democracy', RoutledgeCurzon, ISBN-13: 978-04156128

 

Tabbara, Acil. 1996. 'US, Iran battle for influence amid Kurdish fighting', Agence France Presse, August 27, International news