NAGs

Hizb-i Islami-yi Afghanistan


Year Formed: 1980
Year Terminated: 1991

Target States:
Afghanistan

Ideational Characteristics:
Religious

Objectives:
Toppling an Existing Leadership
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:

Pakistan

United States of America

Iran

Saudi Arabia

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 139

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1141

References:

___ 1992. "Afghan Rebels Ready To Rule, Hold Elections." The Nikkei Weekly(Accessed at lexisnexis.com)    

___ 1996. "Political Turmoil In Pakistan." The Straits Times. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

___ 2001. "Hard for US to Win Where Russia Lost." The Irish Times. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

___ 2013. "Background Paper Afghanistan: Political Parties and Insurgent Groups 1978-2001." (ECOI) European Country of Origin Information Network. Australian Government Migration Review Tribunal - Refugee Review Tribunal. Web. https://www.ecoi.net/file_upload/1226_1369733768_ppig2.pdf

___ 2015. “Hizb-I-Islami Gulbuddin (HIG)” Institute for the Study of War. Web. http://www.understandingwar.org/hizb-i-islami-gulbuddin-hig#sthash.h64QQ0nq.dpuf

Akhtar, Hasan. 1987. "Editor Is Charged After Riot." The Times (London). (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Baldauf, Scott. 2002. "Waiting to Strike; Afghan Spies Say Al-Qaeda Has Two New Bases In Pakistan." Hamilton Spectator. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Brogan, Patrick. 1993. "Iran or Sudan's Fanatics Could Be Stiffer Test of Clinton's Trigger Finger." The Herald. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Burchill, Scott. 2001. "Mad Bad and Very Dangerous to Know." The Australian.  (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Clements, Frank. 2003. “Conflict in Afghanistan: A Historical Encyclopedia”. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.

Edwards, David B. 2002. “Before Taliban: Genealogies of the Afghan Jihad”. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Goor, Luc Van De, Mathijs Van Leeuwen. “The Netherlands and Afghanistan: Dutch Policies and Interventions with Regard to the Civil War in Afghanistan”. Clingendael Institute. Web. http://www.clingendael.nl/sites/default/files/20001100_cru_paper_vandegoor.pdf

Goshko, John M., Richard M. Weintraub. "U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan Is Kidnaped, Slain in Shootout; Kidnaped U.S. Envoy Slain in Afghanistan Shootout." The Washington Post. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Jones, Seth G. 2008. "The Rise of Afghanistan's Insurgency: State Failure and Jihad." International Security 32(4): 7-40.

Pratt, David. 2001. "With Friends Like These." The Sunday Herald. (Accessed at lexisnexis.com) 

Rubin, Barnett R., Ashraf Ghani, William Maley, Ahmed Rashid, Olivier Roy. 2001. “Reconstruction and Peace- Building In a Regional Framework”. KOFF Peacebuilding Reports. Web. http://www.swisspeace.ch/fileadmin/user_upload/Media/Projects/KOFF/Barnett__Afghanistan.pdf