NAGs

Free Aceh Movement (GAM)


Year Formed: 1976
Year Terminated: 2005

Target States:
Indonesia

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Secession/Territorial Demand

External Supporters:

Singapore

Malaysia

Sweden

Libya

Denmark

Norway

Thailand

United States of America

Australia

 

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 167

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1170

References:

Brigland, Fred. "Asia's Balkans Unravels." The Sunday Herald 5 Sept. 1999: n. pag. Print.

___ "Bumpy Road To Peace." South China Morning Post 30 Dec. 2006: n. pag. Web.

Fitzpatrick, Stephen. "Hope for Moderate In Aceh." Weekend Australian 9 Dec. 2006: n. pag. Print.

___"Fretilin Members Give Up the Fight." Courier Mail [Q,] 7 Dec. 1992: n. pag. Web.

Furney, William J. "Indonesia Seems To Be Back On Track." The Straits Times [Singapore] n.d.: n. pag. Web. 10 May 2003.

Hastings, Justin V. 2010. "Gerekan Aceh Merdeka" in Globazlization, Territory, and Clandestine Groups in Southeast Asia. Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

Howden, Daniel. "Tsunami Disaster: Indonesian Military Refuses Peace Talks With Separatists." The Independent [London] 13 Jan. 2005: n. pag. Print.

Hule, Jerome, “Sierra Leone; Serra Leoneans demand US Support for Homeland”, Africa News, reported from Panafrican News Agency, May 16, 1999, accessed on July 22, 2008.

Humphreys, Macartan & Weinstein, Jeremy M., ‘Demobilization and Reintegration’, Journal of Conflict Resolution (2007)51: 531-567.

___ “Indonesian police chief says Thailand aiding search for Aceh rebel official””, Radio Republik Indonesia, Jakarta, in Indonesian, 11 Jun 03, BBC Monitoring Asia-Pacific, June 11, 2003, accessed on June 26, 2008.
Kearney, Marianne. "Arrests by Indonesia Obstruct Aceh Talks." Courier Mail [Queensland] 17 May 2003: n. pag. Web.

Manthorpe, Jonathan. "Indonesia Reaches Out to One Rebel Movement."The Vancouver Sun [British Columbia] 11 May 2000: n. pag. Print.

Mahavera, Sheridan. "Border Alert for Arms Mastermind." New Straits Times 30 Aug. 2003: n. pag. Web.

Mellish, Morgan. "Struggle Was About Rights, Not Islam; Aceh Observed." Australian Financial Review 19 July 2006: n. pag. Print.

Meo, Nick. "Out of Disaster Comes the Peace." The Times [London] 30 Dec. 2005: n. pag. Print.

Military leader meets with rebels’, Associated Press Worldstream, International news, July 1, 1997, accessed on July 22, 2008.

Missbach, Antje. Separatist Conflict in Indonesia: The Long-distance Politics of the Acehnese Diaspora. London: Routledge, 2012. Print.

Kearney, Marianne. "Navy to Block Supplies to Aceh Rebels." The Straits Times [Singapore] 15 Aug. 2001: n. pag. Print.

___ "Liberian Delegation Leaves Sierra Leone." Agence France Presse n.d.: n. pag. Web. 10 Apr. 1999.

Pereira, Brendan. "Quiet Man Who Wore Many Masks." The Straits Times [Singapore] 3 June 2000: 54-55. Print.

Powell, Sian. "Aceh Rebels Begin to Surrender Weapons." The Australian 15 Sept. 2005: n. pag. Print.

Powell, Sian. "World Leaders Rally In Jakarta for Tsunami Relief, But ... Army Still At War In Aceh." The Australian 2005: n. pag. Print.

___ "Sanctions and Liberia." The Washington Post 12 Aug. 2000: n. pag. Web. 12 Aug. 2000.

Schulze, Kirsten E., “GAM: Indonesia, GAM, and the Acehnese Population in a Zero-Sum Trap”, in Terror, Insurgency, and the State: Ending Protracted Conflicts, edited by Marianne Heiberg, Brendan O’Leary, and John Tirman, Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007.

Schulze, Kirsten E. The Free Aceh Movement (GAM): Anatomy of a Separatist Organization. Washington, DC: East-West Center Washington, 2004. Print.

Schulze, Kirsten E. "The Struggle for an Independent Aceh: The Ideology, Capacity, and Strategy of GAM." Studies in Conflict & Terrorism 26.4 (2003): 241-71. Web.

Segun, Adeyemi. "Sierra Leone; Nigeria Blames Liberia for Sierra Leonean Crisis." Panafrican News Agency 21 Jan. 1999: n. pag. Web. 21 Jan. 1999.

Sim, Susan. "Aceh Rebels "Yes' To Truce." The Straits Times [Singapore] 23 Nov. 1999: n. pag. Web.

___ "Thailand, Indonesia Agree to Boost Joint Effort Against Terrorism." BBC Worldwide Monitoring [Bangkok] 30 Aug. 2008: n. pag. Print.

___ ‘Thai Prime Minister Says Aceh Rebels Raided Southern Armoury’, Suara Merdeka web site, Semarang, in Indonesian, Feb 18, 2004, Antara news ageny, Jakarta, BBC Worldwide Monitoring Asia-Pacific, February 19, 2004, accessed on June 26, 2008.

Tim, Dodd, and Banda Aceh. "Die Already Cast In Aceh: Rebels In Control." Australian Financial Review 6 Dec. 1999: n. pag. Print.