NAGs

The Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA)


Year Formed: 1989
Year Terminated: 1996

Target States:
Papua New Guinea

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Secession/Territorial Demand

External Supporters:

Solomon Islands

Singapore

Narrative Summary:

The group did sign a ceasefire agreement in 31/12/1990 but re-emerged and signed ceasefire agreement in 31/12/1996.



NAG Support Dataset Code: 168

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1171

References:

Victoria Stead (2012) Light intervention: Lessons from Bougainville, by Anthony J. Regan, Anthropological Forum: A Journal of Social Anthropology and Comparative Sociology, 22:3, 320-322, DOI: 10.1080/00664677.2012.717026.

Jim Rolfe (2001) Peacekeeping the PacificWay in Bougainville, International Peacekeeping, 8:4, 38-55, DOI:10.1080/13533310108413919

Peter Reddy (2008) Reconciliation in Bougainville: Civil war, peacekeeping and restorative justice, Contemporary Justice Review: Issues in Criminal, Social, and Restorative Justice, 11:2, 117-130, DOI: 10.1080/10282580802057744.

Fathers, Michael. "Revolution in Paradise; A volatile mix of cargo cult worship and Catholic missionary zeal infuses the strange secession of Bougainville, a Pacific island that has returned to the past". The Independent (London). 21 Jul. 1991. sec: THE SUNDAY REVIEW PAGE; pg 8. Print.

Milliken, Robert." Mine row opens a wound in Bougainville". The Independent. 28 Oct. 1989. Print.

AAP. Hobart Mercury. 26 Aug. 1991. 

Wright, J. "ISLAND WAR FLARES ACROSS BORDER". Courier Mail (Queensland, Australia). 6 Jul. 1996.

Shekan, Craig. "Suva showed way to seize Solomons; ANALYSIS". 6 Jun. 2000. Late Edition. sec: NEWS AND FEATURES; International News; pg 10. Print.

O'Callaghan, Mary-Lousie. "GOVT TO SUSPEND REBEL PREMIER; PNG". Sydney Morning Herald (Australia). 2 May 1990. Late Edition. sec: NEWS AND FEATURES; pg 19. Print.

O'Callaghan, Mary-Lousie. "PNG plots Bougainville crackdown". The Australian. 20 Mar. 1996. 

O'Callaghan, Mary-Lousie. "PNG sacks Bougainville army head". The Age (Melbourne, Australia). 26 Jun. 1991. Late Edition. sec: NEWS; pg 1. Print.

O'Callaghan, Mary-Louise. "SOLOMONS ON ALERT AS PNG FORESAYS SPREAD". Sydney Morning Herald (Australia). 8 Apr. 1993. Late Edition. sec: NEWS AND FEATURES; pg 11. Print.

O'Callaghan, Mary-Louise. "THE BLIGHT ON BOUGAINVILLE". Sydney Morning Herald (Australia). 13 May 1993. Late Edition. sec: NEWS AND FEATURES; pg 11. Print.

-"PNG inquiry into abuses". The Advertiser. 27 Jun. 1991. 

-"Austalian banned for backing rebels". The Advertiser. 2 May 1990.