NAGs

Kosova Liberation Army (UCK)


Year Formed: 1998
Year Terminated: 1999

Target States:
Serbia (Yugoslavia)

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Secession/Territorial Demand

External Supporters:

Albania

United States

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 197

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1200

References:

Ackermann, Alice. "Macedonia and the Kosovo Conflict." The International Spectator: 41-48. Print.

Bekaj, Armend R. The KLA and the Kosovo War: From Intra-state Conflict to Independent Country. Berlin: Berghof-Stiftung Fu?r Konfliktforschung, 2010. Print.

Bissett, James. "War on terrorism skipped the KLA". Center for Research on Globalisation. 14 Nov. 2001.

Gerber, Eve. "Who Is the Kosovo Liberation Army?" Slate.com, 23 Apr. 1999. Web. 15 May 2014.

Kubo, Keiichi. "Why Kosovar Albanians Took Up Arms against the Serbian Regime: The Genesis and Expansion of the UCK in Kosovo." Europe-Asia Studies 62.7 (2010): 1135-152. Web.

Lani, Remzi. "Rugova and the UCK: Chronicle of a Shifting Balance." The International Spectator: 29-40. Print.

Pavlik, Keith. "Chapter 2. NATO's sponsoship of the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)". iacenter.org Web. 15 May 2014.

Phillips, James & Anderson, James. "The Kosovo Liberation Army and the Future of Kosovo". The Heritage Foundation. 13 May 1999. Web. 15 May 2014.

Sebak, Nened. "The KLA - terrorists or freedom fighters?". BBC. Web. 15 May 2014. 

-"A Kosovo Chronology, PBS Frontline." PBS. PBS. Web. 15 May 2015.

-"Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA)". globalsecurity.org. Web. 15 MAy 2014.


National Liberation Army - Macedonia (UCK)


Year Formed: 1996
Year Terminated: 2001

Target States:
Macedonia, FYR

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Demands for Autonomy
Secession/Territorial Demand

External Supporters:

Albania

Saudi Arabia

Yemen

Afghanistan

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Croatia

United Kingdom

Germany

United States of America

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 197

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1204

References:

Hedges, Chris. 1999. 'Kosovo's Next Masters', Foreign Affairs, Vol. 78, Issue 3, May/June, pp. 24-42

Kubo, Keiichi. 2010. 'Why Kosovar Albanians Took Up Arms against the Serbian Regime: The Genesis and Expansion of the UCK in Kosovo', Europe-Asia Studies, Sep, Vol. 62, Issue 7, p1135-1152, 18p. DOI: 10.1080/09668136.2010.497022