National Council for the Defense of Democracy – Forces for the Defense of Democracy (CNDD-FDD)

Year Formed: 1998
Year Terminated: 2003

Target States:

Ideational Characteristics:


External Supporters:
Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 243

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1277


___ 1996. “Hutu rebels prepared to accept UN peacekeepers in Burundi”. Agence France Presse. (January 6, 1996). (Accessed at

___ 1997. “Burundi guerrilla group refuses Geneva peace talks talks”. Agence France Presse. (May 23, 1997). (Accessed at

___ 1998. “Burundi; Infighting Threatens Burundi's Rebel Movement”. Africa News. (April 6, 1998). (Accessed at

___ 2000. “Zimbabwe; IRIN Focus on arms links to Burundi”. Africa News. (February 3, 2000). (Accessed at

Kithama, Joseph. 1999. “Burundi;Burundi Calls for Talks to Discuss Rebel Attacks”. Africa News. (May 18, 1999). (Accessed at

Nduru, Moyiga. 1996. “Burundi-Politics: New Military Regime Under Fire From All Sides”. Inter Press Service. (July 26, 1996).

Reyntjens, Filip. 2006. “Briefing: Burundi: A Peaceful Transition after a Decade of War?”. African Affairs 105(418): 117-135.

Simpson, Chris. 1999. “Politics-Burundi: Militia Leader Snubs Mandela's Mediation Plan”. Inter Press Service. (December 29, 1999).