NAGs

African National Congress (ANC)


Year Formed: 1981
Year Terminated: 1988

Target States:
South Africa

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Toppling an Existing Leadership
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:

Angola

Tanzania

Uganda

Zimbabwe

Zambia

Botswana

Mozambique

Cuba

Soviet Union

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 325

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1364

References:

___. "ANC Sends Recruits to Uganda for Military Training." United Press International 28 Nov. 1992, International sec.: n. pag. Web.

___. "ANC Military Leader Asked to Stay on." United Press International 11 Aug. 1991, International sec.: n. pag. Web.

___. "ANC Vows to Continue to Train Military Units." The Toronto Star 14 July 1991, NEWS sec.: 4. Web.

___. "The State in Waiting; THE ANC Is More like a State Apparatus than a Political Party." The Independent [London] 25 Feb. 1990: n. pag. Web.

___. "South African Rebels Vow New Attacks." The Toronto Star 9 Jan. 1990, NEWS sec.: A11. Web.

___. "SOUTH AFRICA: WHITES IN THE ARMED STRUGGLE." IPS-Inter Press Service 13 May 1988: n. pag. Web.

___. "Police Raid Clinic after Township Unrest / Alexandr a in South Africa." The Guardian (London) 25 Feb. 1986: n. pag. Web.

___. "South African Guilty of Treason." The Globe and Mail 25 Feb. 1986: n. pag. Web.

___. "White Woman Convicted of Treason." United Press International 3 Nov. 1986, International sec.: n. pag. Web.

___. "Exiled Group Claims Responsibility for Refinery Attack." United Press International 14 May 1984: n. pag. Web.

___. "ZIMBABWE: ANC TO ESCALATE ARMED STRUGGLE." IPS-Inter Press Service 5 Apr. 1984: n. pag. Web.

___. "GUERRILLA CHIEF WARNS PRETORIA OF NEW ATTACKS." The New York Times 22 May 1983: n. pag. Web.

___. "Black Nationalists Claim Bombings in South Africa." The Associated Press 7 June 1982: n. pag. Web.

Albright, J. "BLACKS ARMED SOON, PREDICT ANC CHIEFS." Courier-Mail. N.p., 3 Sept. 1985. Web.

Baldwin, Tom. "ANC Claims Responsibility for Mines, Rocket Attacks." The Associated Press 29 Nov. 1985: n. pag. Web.

Battersby, John D. "The New York Times." The New York Times 21 Aug. 1988: n. pag. Web.

Carlin, John. "ANC Clings to Myth of the Armed Struggle." The Independent 9 Jan. 1990: n. pag. Web.

Clay, Paddi. "ANC Military Wing Will Play 'Seven Samurai'" United Press International 6 July 1991: n. pag. Web.

Cowell, Alan. "THE MAN NOBODY KNOWS." The New York Times. N.p., 7 July 1985. Web.

Fish, Jihm. "ANC Fighter Tells of Hopes for His Modern Army / South Africa." The Guardian (London)9 Jan. 1987: n. pag. Web.

Getz, Arlene. Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) 24 Mar. 1990, NEWS AND FEATURES sec.: 20. Web.

Golding, Patricia. "Sisulu Appeals for Unity in the ANC." The Guardian (London) 18 Jan. 1990: n. pag. Web.

Goodspeed, Peter. "Pretoria Raid Produces a Shock." The Toronto Star 15 May 1988, NEWS sec.: E1. Web.

Jacobs, Kevin. "African National Congress Marks 75th Birthday." United Press International 8 Jan. 1987, International sec.: n. pag. Web.

Laurance, Patrick. "Woman Guilty of Planting Mines / South African Authorities Jail Marion Sparg for ANC Guerrilla Activity." The Guardian (London) 4 Nov. 1986: n. pag. Web.

Lodge, Tom. "Transcending South Africa's Divisions." The Times 12 Feb. 1990: n. pag. Web.

Mitchell, Charlet. "African National Congress Guerrillas Winning Propaganda War." United Press International 11 Aug. 1981, International sec.: n. pag. Web.

Uhlig, Mark. "RADIO FREEDOM, THE ANGRY VOICE OF REVOLUTION IN THE TOWNSHIPS; SOUTH AFRICA: THE HIDDEN TRAGEDY." Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) 19 Jan. 1987, NEWS AND FEATURES sec.: 8. Web.

Wicksteed, Richard. "HOLDING OUT AGAINST SECURITY ACCORD." IPS-Inter Press Service 17 Sept. 1984: n. pag. Web.

Wicksteed, Richard. "NAMIBIA: SOUTH AFRICA'S PROBLEMS REMAIN UNSOLVED." IPS-Inter Press Service 19 May 1984: n. pag. Web.