NAGs

Front for Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD)


Year Formed: 1991
Year Terminated: 1994

Target States:
Djibouti

Ideational Characteristics:
NOID

Objectives:
Toppling an Existing Leadership
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:

Ethiopia

France

Yemen

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 342

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1382

References:

___"Afar Rebels Poised to Take Town." Agence France Presse [Nairobi] 15 Nov. 1991: n. pag. Print.

___Africa, Sub?Saharan. "Sub?Saharan Africa." The Military Balance 99.1 (1999).Web.

Campagne, Jean-Pierre. "Djibouti Guerrillas Announce Ceasefire From Weekend." Agence France Presse [Nairobi] 11 Dec. 1991: n. pag. Print.

___"Djibouti, Battling Rebellion, Asks Paris to Activate Defence Pact." Agence France Presse [Djibouti] 19 Nov. 1991: n. pag. Print.

___"DJIBOUTI: French Waiting for Opposition to Unite." The Indian Ocean Newsletter 29 May 1993: n. pag. Print.

___"Djibouti FRUD Clashes." Africa Research Bulletin: Political, Social and Cultural Series 47.6 (2010): 18442A. Web.

___"Djibouti: Guerilla Forces Down But Not Beaten." The Indian Ocean Newsletter 31 July 1993: n. pag. Print.

___"DJIBOUTI: Hardline FRUD Leader Returns from Exile." IRINnews. IRIN - Humanitarian News and Anaysis, 30 Mar. 2000. Web. 11 Aug. 2015.

___"Djibouti Profile." BBC News- Africa 22 Dec. 2013: n. pag. Print.

___"DJIBOUTI: Violent Clashes In Tadjoura." The Indian Ocean Newsletter 9 Jan. 1993: n. pag. Print.

___"France Offers Mediation In Djibouti." Agence France Presse [Paris] 24 Nov. 1991: n. pag. Print.

___"FRUD Exiles Return." The Indian Ocean Newsletter [Djibouti] 16 Nov. 1996: n. pag. Print.

___"FRUD Knocks on IGAD Door." Indigo Publications [Djibouti] 11 May 1998: n. pag. Print.

Kadamy, Mohamed. "Review of African Political Economy Djibouti: Between War and Peace." Review of African Political Economy 23.70 (n.d.): 511-21. Web.

Levinson, David. Ethnic Groups Worldwide: A Ready Reference Handbook. Phoenix, AZ: Oryx, 1998. Print.

___"Rebels Stage Pre-Dawn Attack On Surrounded Town." Agence France Presse [Djibouti] 21 Nov. 1991: n. pag. Print.

Simons, Catherine. "Rebels Tighten Grip On Djibouti Towns." The Guardian [Obock] 8 Dec. 1991: n. pag. Print.

Yasin, Yasin Mohammed. "Regional Dynamics of Inter-ethnic Conflicts in the Horn of Africa: An Analysis of the Afar-Somali Conflict in Ethiopia and Djibouti." (2011). Web.