NAGs

Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement (MRTA)


Year Formed: 1989
Year Terminated: 1993

Target States:
Peru

Ideational Characteristics:
Leftist

Objectives:
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:

Russia (Soviet Union)

Cuba

Nicaragua

Bolivia

Chile

Ecuador

Colombia

Panama

El Salvador

 

Narrative Summary:

According to UCDP/ PRIO dataset, the group is in low activity since the end of 1993.



NAG Support Dataset Code: 415

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1612

References:

Pelton, Robet Y. & Aral, Coskun & Dulles, Wink. "That's Peru: "Arguably, the most apocalyptic group of terrorists on earth;" a dictator propped up by a secret police chief with connections to drug kingpins and the CIA; coca the most important cash crop . . . according to an annual guide to the worl". The Vancouver Sun (British Columbia). 20 Dec. 1996, Friday, FINAL EDITION. sec: Editorial; Pg A19.

Hayes, Monte. "Leftist Guerrillas Bomb USIA Building and Eight Other Targets". The Associated Press. 21 Dec. 1986. AM cycle. sec: International News.

Vecchio, Rick. "Peruvian rebel backs up NYC woman's defense in terrorism trial". The Associated Press. 19 Apr. 2001. BC cycle. sec: State and Regional. 

Mauro, Craig. "Retrial of Lori Berenson begins in Peru". CanWest Global Communications Corp. 20 Mar. 2001. BC cycle. sec: International News. 

Arnson, Cynthia, ed. Comparative peace processes in Latin America. Stanford University Press, 1999.

De La Pedraja, R. (2013). Wars of Latin America, 1948-1982: The Rise of the Guerrillas. McFarland.

Jongman, A. J. (1988). Political terrorism: A new guide to actors, authors, concepts, data bases, theories, and literature. transaction Publishers.

T, Johnson. "DARING ATTACK BRILLIANTLY PLANNED".  Courier Mail (Queensland, Australia). 21 Dec. 1996.

Escobar, Gabriel. "Peru's Leader Rejects Captor's Key Demand". The Washinton Post. 20 Dec. 1996. Final Edition. sec: A Section; Pg A01.

Vincent, Isabel. "INTERNACIONALISTAS The Che Guevara wannabes Lori Helene Berenson is a convicted terrorist who is serving a life sentence in Peru. Like many other young and overprivileged North Americans, she set off to Latin America in search of a romantic cause that matched her naive ideals". The Globe and Mail (Canada). 3 Feb. 1996.

Sheehan, Paul. "Sixty Massacred in Peru's Fight To Keep Communist Rebels At Bay". Sydney Morning Herald. (Australia). 20 May 1988. Late Edition. sec: News and Features; Pg 9.

Gonzales, Gustavo. "RIGHTS-CHILE: GOV'T SEEKS RETURN OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN PERU". Inter Press Service. 30 Apr. 1999.

Gonzalez, Gustavo. "PERU: THE CHILEAN CONNECTION IN THE MRTA EMBASSY SEIZURE". 19 Dec. 1996. 

Bonnet, Nicole & Marion, Georges. "Peru's rebel leader with a score to settle" Guardian Weekly. 16 Mar. 1997. sec: LE Monde; International, France; Pg 14.

Wilson, Michael G. "A Challenge for the U.S. in An Unstable Peru". Heritage Foundation Reports. 19 Dec. 1990. sec: Backgrounder; No 800.

Wilson, Michael G. "A TEN-POINT U.S. PROGRAM TO BLOCK SOVIET ADVANCES IN SOUTH AMERICA". Heritage Foundation Reports. 22 Jun. 1988. sec: Backgrounder; No 658.

Robinson, Eugene. "Rebel Band Has History Of High-Profile Attacks". The Washington Post. 19 Dec. 1996. Final Edition. sec: A Section; Pg A35.

Lama, Abraham. "PERU: WHO IS "COMANDANTE HUERTA," AND WHAT DOES HE WANT?". Inter Press Service. 23 Dec. 1996. 

Lama, Abraham. "PERU: U.S. WOMAN GETS 20 YEARS FOR "COLLABORATION" WITH REBELS". Inter Press Service. 21 Jun. 2001.

Lama, Abraham. "PERU: NEW LEADERSHIP AND OUTLOOK FOR THE MRTA". Inter Press Service. 28 Apr. 1997. 

Lama, Abraham. "PERU: THE MRTA ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF ITS WORST DEBACLE". Inter Press Service. 22 Apr. 1998. 

Stewart, Scott. "Stratfor: Criminal Intent and Militant Funding". defenceWeb. 25 Jun. 2010.

Silverstein; David & Saladino, Lisa H. "AN AMERICAN STRATEGY AGAINST TERRORISM". Heritage Foundation Reports. 23 Aug. 1991. sec: Backgrounder; No 847.

Diaz-Limanco, Jane. "LIMA HOSTAGE CRISIS: PERUVIAN REBELS BREAK THEIR SILENCE;
The guerrillas have exploded the illusion that they are defeated, reports in Lima". The Guardian (London). 19 Dec. 1996. sec. The Guardian Front Page; Pg 14.

Wenge, Ralph & Polo, Jahrio. "Peruvian Troops Crack Down on Drug Runners". CNN. SHOW: CNN WORLD REPORT. sec: News; Domestic.

-"AROUND THE WORLD 23 die in attack on Andean police station". The Globe and Mail (Canada). 15 Mar. 1989. 

-"URGENT Rebels place bombs inside Japanese ambassador's residence". Agence France Presse. 18 Dec. 1996. sec: International News.

-"MRTA: Peru's second largest rebel movement seels regionwide revolution". Agence France Presse. 18 Dec. 1996. sec: International News.

-"Key mediator hints leftist rebels seek global peace accord". Agence France Presse- English. 31 Mar. 1997. sec: International News.

-"Peru rebels alter key demand to end hostage crisis peacefully: report". Agence France Presse- English. 19 Apr. 1997. sec: International News.

-"Japanese PM tanks Peru's Fujimori for hostage rescue". Agence France Presse- English. 11 May 1997. sec: International News.

-"Peru on alert ahead of anniversary of Japanese embassy residence siege". Agence France Presse- English. sec: International News.

-"Two former Peru hostages face jail for negligence in hostage crisis". Agence France Presse- English. 30 Apr. 1997. sec: International news.

-"Chilean rebels helped MRTA launch embassy hostage-taking: Peru". Agence France Presse. 18 Dec. 1996. sec: International News.

-"Founder of rebel group thought to be "Comrade Evaristo". Agence France Presse. 19 Dec. 1996. sec: International News.

-"Peru police say Chilean guerrilla is key MRTA link" Agence France Presse- English. 23 Feb. 1997. sec: International News.

-"REBELS THREATEN TO KILL HUNDREDS OF HOSTAGES". Courier Mail (Queensland, Australia). 20 Dec. 1996.

-"Chronology of events in Berenson Case". The Associated Press. 20 Jun. 2001. BC cycle. sec: International News.

-"U.S. force reportedly ready for hostage rescue". Xinhua News Agency. 20 Dec. 1996. 

-"PREPARED STATEMENT BY TOBY T. GATI ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF STATE FOR INTELLIGENCE AND RESEARCH BEFORE THE SENATE INTELLIGENCE COMMITTEE SUBJECT: HEARING ON CURRENT AND PROJECTED NATIONAL SECURITY THREATS TO THE UNITED STATES". Federal News Service. 5 Feb. 1997. sec: In The News.

-"Peru Country Profile - Control Risks Group". Mondaq Business Briefing. 21 Dec. 1995. sec: Economic Analysis.

-"PERU: COLOMBIAN GUERRILLAS HELPED PERUVIANS ESCAPE FROM PRISON". Inter Press Service. 16 Jul. 1990.

-"PERU: REBELS GET COMMISSION ON EXPORTED DRUGS, SAYS ARMY CHIEF". Inter Press Service. 24 Jun. 1991.

-"Rebel leader continues hard line on Peru hostages hostages". Agence France Presse- English. 8 Apr. 1997. sec: International News.

-"Bolivia, Peru break up international kidnapping ring". Agence France Presse- English. 3 Jan. 1996. sec: International News.

-"Cuba laments loss of life in Peru hostage saga". Agence France Presse- English. 24 Apr. 1997. sec: International News.

-"Bolivia's Morales, officials reject US report on terrorism". BBC Worldwide Monitoring. BBC Monitoring Latin America- Political. 9 Aug. 2010.

-"Paper says Sendero Luminoso gets funds from robberies in Bolivia;  BOLIVIA-PERU/TERRORISM". EFE Newswire- Americas in Focus. 6 Mar. 2009. 

-"Nicaragua Exporting Terrorism". National Security Record. Mar. 1985. sec: Insiders Report; No 77; Pg 4.

-"PERU: FORMER REBELS GUIDE ARMY ATTACKS ON GUERRILLA CAMPS". Inter Press Service. 12 Nov. 1992.