NAGs

Popular Liberation Forces (FPL)


Year Formed: 1979
Year Terminated: 1979

Target States:
El Salvador

Ideational Characteristics:
Leftist

Objectives:
Toppling an Existing Leadership
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:

Nicaragua

Cuba

Vietnam

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 418

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1615

References:

Doug Stokes (2003) Countering the Soviet Threat? An Analysis of the Justifications for USMilitary Assistance to El Salvador, 1979–92, Cold War History, 3:3, 79-102

Andrea Oñate (2011) The Red Affair: FMLN–Cuban relations during theSalvadoran Civil War, 1981–92, Cold War History, 11:2, 133-154, DOI:10.1080/14682745.2010.545566

Beverley, John. "El Salvador". Duke University Press. Social Text No. 5. Spring, 1982. pp. 55-72.

LeMoyne, James. "El Salvador's Forgotten War". Council on Foreign Relations. Foreign Affairs. Vol. 68, No. 3. Summer, 1989. pp. 105-125.

Diskin, Martin & Sharpe, Kenneth E. "Facing Facts in El Salvador: Reconciliation or War". The MIT Press & World Policy Institute. World Policy Journal. Vol. 1, No. 3. Spring, 1984. pp. 517-547.

Sheehan, Thomas. "Recent Developments in El Salvador". The Threepeny Review. The Threepeny Review. No. 16. Winter, 1984. pp. 10-11

Jung, Harald. "The Civil War in El Salvador". Centrum voor Studie en Documentatie van Latijns Amerika (CEDLA)Boletín de Estudios Latinoamericanos y del Caribe. No. 32, MINERS AND MINING IN LATIN AMERICA. Junio de 1982. pp. 5-13.

Dickey, Christopher. "Salvadoran Rebel Intrigue; Dispute Leads to Deaths of Two Guerrilla Leaders". The Washington Post. 27 Jun. 1983. Final Edition. sec: First Section; A1.

Dickey, Christopher. "Negotiations Seem More Likely; Unruly Salvadoran Left Appears to Coalesce". The Washington Post. 8 Jul. 1983. Final Edition. sec: First Section; A1.

Dickey, Christopher. "Salvadoran Rebels Say They Can Win; Commanders Stress Guerrilla Unity; Salvadoran Rebels Sau Initiative Theirs; Rebels Adapt Homes for War". The Washington Post. 21 Feb. 1982. Final Edition. sec: First Section; A1.

DeYoung, Karen & Dickey, Christopher & Simons, Marlise & Goshko, John M. & Getler, Michael. "El Salvador: A Symbol of World Crisis; How Tiny El Salvador Became U.S. Policy Symbol; How El Salvador Became U.S. Policy Symbol". The Washington Post. 8 Mar. 1981. Final Edition. sec: First Section; A1.

Farah, Douglas. "Salvadoran rebels bolster their forces as talks go nowhere". St. Petersburg Times (Florida). 26 Feb. 1989. City Edition. sec: National; Pg 17A.

Green, Duncan. "Che's children come down from the mountains: Duncan Green finds the end of the cold war is forcing Latin America's rebels to the ballot box". The Guardian (London). 5 Sep. 1991. 

Steele, Johnathan. "The Media: A voice of defiance they'd like to silence / Radio Farabunda Marti, rebel voice of El Salvador". The Guardian (London). 8 Apr. 1985. 

Silverstein, Jeff. "Salvador's civil war has ended". The Independent (London). 17 Jan. 1992. sec: Foreign News Page; Page 11.

Bolan, Kim. "Guerrillas guaranteed resettlement in peace". The Vancouver Sun (British Columbia). 1 Feb. 1992. 1* Edition. sec: Pg A12.

-"Ailing South African envoy held Narmard appeals to El Salvador guerrillas". The Globe and Mail (Canada). 25 Dec. 1979. 

-"Support for rebels displayed at burial". The Globe and Mail (Canada). 11 Apr. 1983.

-"Salvador rebels guilty in murder". The Globe and Mail (Canada). 28 May. 1984. 

-"Body of Adviser in El Salvador Flown to Oceana Naval Station". The Washington Post. 28 May. 1983. Final Edition. sec: First Section; World News; A24.

-"WORLD IN BRIEF Sihanouk party leads Cambodia vote". The Atlanta Journal and Constitution. 30 May 1993. sec: Foreign News; Section B; Page 4.

-"Former foes in El Salvador cheer singing peace accord". The Atlanta J?ournal and Constitution. 17 Jan. 1992. sec: Foreign News; Section A; Page 06.

-"Text of State Department Document on Arming of the Guerrillas in El Salvador". The New York Times. 20 Feb. 1981.