NAGs

East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM)


Year Formed: 1990
Year Terminated: Still Active

Target States:
China

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist
Religious

Objectives:
Secession/Territorial Demand

External Supporters:

Afghanistan

Pakistan

Narrative Summary:

There is no specific indication about when the group was founded. Foundyr is coded as 1990 because the oldest news about ETIM is from 1990.



NAG Support Dataset Code: 470

UCDP/PRIO Code: 2041

References:

Clarke, Michael. "China's “War on Terror” in Xinjiang: Human Security and the Causes of Violent Uighur Separatism." Terrorism and Political Violence 20.2 (2008): 271-301. Web.

Davis, Elizabeth Van Wie. "Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China." Asian Affairs: An American Review 35.1 (2008): 15-30. Web.

Reed, J. Todd., & Diana Raschke. The ETIM: China's Islamic Militants and the Global Terrorist Threat. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010. 70-71. Print.

Wong, Edward & Bradsher, Keith. "As China Girds For Olympics, New Violence". The New York Times. 4 Aug. 2008. Late Edition- Final. sec: Section A; Column 0; Foreign Desk; Pg 1.

Wong, Edward & Bradsher, Keith. "Promising safe Games, China tightenes securty; Ofifcials cite threat from Muslim terrorists as attack is reported on remote police post". The International Herald Tribune. 5 Aug. 2008. sec: News; Pg 1.

Long, Simon. "China crushes stirring of Muslim revolt in the west: 'Holy warriors' of Xinjiang received weapons from Afghan Mojahedin". The Guardian (London). 10 May. 1990. 

Sun, Lena H. "Ancient Silk Road Oasis Restive; Amid Crackdown, Anti-Chinese Sentiment in Xinjiang Grows". The Washington Post. 25 Sep. 1990. Final Edition. sec: First Section; Page A13.

Marcus, Ruth. "Free This Detainee". The Washinton Post. 9 Jul. 2008. Regional Edition. sec: Editorial Copy; Pg A15.

Pan, Philip P. "U.S. Warns Of Plot by Group in W. China". The Washinton Post. 29 Aug. 2002. Final Edition. sec: A Section; Pg A27.

Pan, Philip P. "Separatist Group in China Added To Terrorist List; U.S. Endorses Fight Against Ethnic Uighurs". The Washington Post. 27 Aug. 2002. Final Edition. sec: A Section; Pg A09.

White, Josh. "Lawyers Demand Release of Chinese Muslims; Court Documents Allege Lenghty Detainment at Guantanamo Is Part of Deal With Beijing". The Washinton Post. 5 Dec. 2006. Final Edition. sec: A Section; A13.

Callick, Rowan. "Terror strike puts China on alert". The Australian. 5 Aug. 2008. NSW First Edition. sec: Local; Pg 1.

Jones, Mike. "China claims to have broken up Olympic plots". The Western Mail. 10 Mar. 2008. First Edition. sec: News; Pg 8.

Leow, Jason. "Terrorist label may spark violence in China's west; Being described as terrorists by the US could provoke Uighur rebels to reignite a campaign to separate Xianjing from China". The Straits Times (Singapore). 29 Aug. 2002. 

Leow, Jason. "China terrorist group planning to attack a US embassy; Kyrgyzstan says it deported to China two suspected militants of a group labelled as terrorist by the US". The Straits Times (Singapore). 31 Aug. 2002.

Handleman, Stephen. "War on terror snares unlikely victim". Toronto Star. 13 Sep. 2002. Ontario Edition. sec: Opinion; Pg A25.

Beckley, Nicola. "China's Muslims sharpen their knives against Peking". The Independent (London). 5 Mar. 1997. sec: International; Page 15.

Abdi, S.N.M. "After alert over militants, Pakistan boosts security for Chinese workers". South China Morning Post. 8 Sep. 2004. sec: News, Pg 9.

Abdi, S.N.M. "Security tightened at missions in India". South China Morning Post. 1 Oct. 2004. sec: News; Pg 7.

Chao, Julie. "Muslim Uighur group on U.S. terrorist list". The Gazette (Montreal, Quebec). 27 Aug. 2002. Final Edition. sec: News; Pg B4.

Gunaratna, Rohan. "Uighur group poses biggest terror threat to Olympics; Muslim extremists from China's Uighur region have been trained by Al-Qaeda". The Straits Time (Singapore). 3 Aug. 2008. 

Gunaratna, Rohan. "China's hardline approach won't work". The Straits Times (Singapore). 17 Jul. 2009. sec: Review- Others.

Lynch, David J. "In Xinjiang province, an uneasy coexsitence". USA Today. 23 Sep. 2004. Final Edition. sec: News; Pg 15A. 

Mehta, Manik. "China reaches out to India". Gulf News (United Arab Emirates). 14 Sep. 2009. 

Coonan, Clifford. "Chinese police kill 18 in raid on separatist camp". The Irish Times. 10 Jan. 2007. sec: World; Pg 11.

-"Nawaz realises challengesi trying to grasp situation". Daily The Pak Banker. 13 Jul. 2013. 

-"Pakistani senator says Uzbek militants active in tribal area". BBC Worldwide Monitoring. BBC Monitoring Former Soviet Union- Political. 22 Sep. 2009. 

-"China seeks international help in fighting Muslim separatists -PTI". BBC Worldwide Monitoring. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific- Political. 2 Jul. 2006.

-"Pakistani agencies report plot to kidnap Chinese diplomats". BBC Worldwide Monitoring. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific- Political. 26 Jun. 2006.

-"Banned group ran Xinjiang camp, mines worked for funds- Chinese official". BBC Worldwide Monitoring. BBC Monitoring Asia Pacific- Political. 8 Jan. 2007.