NAGs

Lebanese Forces


Year Formed: 1989
Year Terminated: 1989

Target States:
Lebanon

Ideational Characteristics:
Ethno-nationalist

Objectives:
Change of Regime Type
Demands for Policy Change

External Supporters:

Syria

Israel

United Kingdom

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 84

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1085

References:

____. 2008. 'The Lebanese Civil War', MERIA Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 2, p1-26, 26p   

Atlas, Pierre M.; Licklider, Roy. 1999. 'Conflict among Former Allies after Civil War Settlement: Sudan, Zimbabwe, Chad, and Lebanon', Journal of Peace Research, 1/1, Vol. 36, Issue 1, p. 35-54

Barak, Oren. 2009. 'The Lebanese Army: A National Institution in a Divided Society', Albany, State University of New York Press, ISBN: 9780791493458, 9781441611994, 9780791493632

Baylouny, A.M. 2014. 'Born violent: Armed political parties and non-state governance in Lebanon's civil war', Small Wars and Insurgencies, March , 25(2): 329-353

Gaub, Florence. 2007. 'Multi-Ethnic Armies in the Aftermath of Civil War: Lessons Learned from Lebanon', Defence Studies, Mar, Vol. 7, Issue 1, p5-20, 16p. 

Geukjian, Ohannes. 2007. The Policy of Positive Neutrality of the Armenian Political Parties in Lebanon during the Civil War, 1975-90: A Critical Analysis', Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 43, No. 1 (Jan.), pp. 65-73

Hourani, N. 2015. 'Capitalists in Conflict: The Lebanese Civil War Reconsidered', Middle East Critique, 3 April, 24(2): 137-160

Parkinson, Brian R. 2007. 'ISRAEL'S LEBANON WAR: ARIEL SHARON AND 'OPERATION PEACE FOR GALILEE'', Journal of Third World Studies, Vol. XXIV, No. 2

Wight, David M. 2013. 'Kissinger’s Levantine Dilemma: The Ford Administration and the Syrian Occupation of Lebanon', Diplomatic History, Jan, Vol. 37, Issue 1, p144-177, 34p.