NAGs

Nation's Army Against the Japanese (HUK)


Year Formed: 1946
Year Terminated: 1954

Target States:
Philippines

Ideational Characteristics:
Leftist

Objectives:
Secession/Territorial Demand
Demands for Policy Change

External Supporters:

China

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 9

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1009

References:

Ridler, Jason S. "A lost work of El Lobo: Lieutenant-Colonel Charles TR Bohannan's unpublished study of guerrilla warfare and counterinsurgency in the Philippines, 1899–1955." Small Wars & Insurgencies 26.2 (2015): 292-312.

Bohannan, Charles and Napoleon Valeriano. Counter-Guerrilla Warfare: The Philippines Experience. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 2006.

Carlisle, John M. The Red Arrow Men: Stories of the 32d Division on the Villa Verde Trail. Detroit: Arnold-Powers, 1945.

Cohen, A.A. Galula: The Life and Writings of the French Officer Who Defined the Art of Counterinsurgency. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2012.

Currey, Cecil. Edward Lansdale: The Unquiet American. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1988. Galula, David. Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice. Westport, CT: Praeger Security International, 1964.

Galula, David. Pacification in Algeria, 1956–1958. Santa Monica, CA: RAND Corporation, 2006

Karnow, Stanley. In Our Image: America’s Empire in the Philippines. New York: Ballantine Books, 1989.

Lansdale, Edward. In the Midst of Wars: An American’s Mission to Southeast Asia. New York: Fordham University Press, 1991 [originally published 1972].

Mathias, Gregor. Galula in Algeria: Counterinsurgency Practice versus Theory. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2011.

Nashel, Jonathan. Edward Lansdale’s Cold War. Boston: University of Massachusetts Press, 2005.

Rempe, Dennise. ‘The Past as Prologue? A History of US Counterinsurgency in Colombia, 1958–1966’. Occasional Paper from the Strategic Studies Institute. March 2002.

Ridler, Jason S. ‘Cowboy Academic: The Unconventional Education of Charles T.R. Bohannan, Counterinsurgency Pioneer’. Unpublished paper. 2011. Toland, John. Captured by History: One Man’s View of Our Tumultuous Century. New York: St Martin’s Press, 1997

Entenberg, Barbara. "Agrarian Reform and the Hukbalahap." Far Eastern Survey (1946): 245-248.

Lansing, Ronald B. "Ashes and the Phoenix." Envtl. L. 40 (2010): iii.

Van der Kroef, Justus M. "Communism and Reform in the Philippines." Pacific Affairs (1973): 29-58.

Van der Kroef, Justus M. "Philippine communism and the Chinese." The China Quarterly 30 (1967): 115-148.

Goodwin, Jeff. "The libidinal constitution of a high-risk social movement: Affectual ties and solidarity in the Huk rebellion, 1946 to 1954." American Sociological Review (1997): 53-69.