NAGs Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)

Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK)

Year Formed: 1976
Year Terminated: 1996

Target States:

Ideational Characteristics:

Demands for Autonomy

External Supporters:





United Kingdom

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 102

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1103


____. 1996. 'Iraqi army intervenes in Kurdistan on side of KDP', Agence France Presse, August 31, International news

____. 1996. 'Iraq calls for immediate Iranian withdrawal from Kurdistan', Agence France Presse, August 30, International news

____. 1996. 'Over 100 dead in fighting between rival Iraqi Kurd factions', Agence France Presse, August 21, International news

van Bruinessen, Martin. 1986. 'The Kurds between Iran and Iraq', MERIP Middle East Report, No. 141, Hidden Wars (Jul. - Aug.), pp. 14-27,       

Entessar, Nader. 1989. 'The Kurdish Mosaic of Discord', Third World Quarterly, Vol. 11, No. 4, Ethnicity in World Politics (Oct.), pp. 83- 100,   

Entessar, Nader. 1984. 'The Kurds in Post-Revolutionary Iran and Iraq', Third World Quarterly, Vol. 6, No. 4 (Oct.), pp. 911-933,       

Gunter, M. M. 2009. 'The A to Z of the Kurds', Scarecrow Press, ISBN 978-0-8108-6818-2 (paper), ISBN 978-0-8108-6334-7 (ebook)  

Gunter, M. M. 2004. 'Historical dictionary of the Kurds', Scarecrow Press, ISBN: 0810867516

Gunter, M. M. 2004. 'The Kurdish Question in Perspective', World Affairs, Vol. 166, No. 4 (SPRING), pp. 197-205,       

Gunter, M. M. 1996. 'The KDP-PUK Conflict in Northern Iraq', Middle East Journal, Vol. 50, No. 2 (Spring), pp. 224-241,       

Gunter, M. M. 1994. 'A Trip to Free Kurdistan', Political Science and Politics, Vol. 27, No. 1 (Mar.), pp. 146-148,       

Gunter, M. M. 1992. 'Foreign Influences on the Kurdish Insurgency in Iraq', The Journal of conflict studies, 2(4), Pp.7-24     

Jabary, Kawa and Hira, Anil. 2013. 'THE KURDISH MIRAGE: A SUCCESS STORY IN DOUBT', Middle East Policy, Summer2013, Vol. 20 Issue 2, p99-112, 14p, 1 Chart 

McDowall, D. 2004. 'A modern history of the Kurds', I. B. Tauris, London, ISBN-13: 978-1850434160

Stansfield, G. R. V. 2003. 'Iraqi Kurdistan: Political development and emergent democracy', RoutledgeCurzon, ISBN-13: 978-04156128


Tabbara, Acil. 1996. 'US, Iran battle for influence amid Kurdish fighting', Agence France Presse, August 27, International news