NAGs Ittihad-i Islami Bara-yi Azadi-yi Afghanistan

Ittihad-i Islami Bara-yi Azadi-yi Afghanistan

Year Formed: 1981
Year Terminated: 1988

Target States:

Ideational Characteristics:

Toppling an Existing Leadership
Change of Regime Type

External Supporters:


Saudi Arabia


Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 137

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1139


___ 1989. “Settlement Threatened By Appointment Of Fundamentalist”. Australian Financial Review. (Accessed at

___ 1992. “Hardliners Hit Kabul In Uzbeks Row”. Courier-Mail. (Accessed at

___ 2005. “Blood-Stained Hands: Past Atrocities in Kabul and Afghanistan’s Legacy of Impunity”. Human Rights Watch.

Cypel, Sylvain, Erich Inciyan. 2001. “On the trail of Massoud's killers”. Guardian Weekly. (Accessed at

Deans, Bob. 1989. “Rebels' Next Aim To Topple Kabul Govt; Mujahideen Leaders Divided Over Formulas For Government-In-Exile”. Sydney Morning Herald. (Accessed at

Ende, Werner, Udo Steinbach. 2010. “Islam in the World Today: A Handbook of Politics, Religion, Culture, and Society”. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Khalilzad, Zalmay. 1995. “Afghanistan in 1994: Civil War and Disintegration”. Asian Survey 35(2): 147-152.

Mandelbaum, Michael. 1994. “Central Asia and the World: Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan”. Council on Foreign Relations.

Rupert, James. 1986. “Afghan Rebel Ties to Villages Unravel; Soviet Bombing Empties Zone, Puts Strain on Supply Lines”. The Washington Post. (Accessed at

Rupert, James. 1986. “Dreams of Martyrdom Draw Islamic Arabs to Join Afghan Rebels”. The Washington Post.  (Accessed at

Rupert, James. 1989. “Fractious Afghan Rebels Prepare for Council”. The Washington Post. (Accessed at