NAGs National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL)

National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL)

Year Formed: 1989
Year Terminated: 1997

Target States:

Ideational Characteristics:

Toppling an Existing Leadership

External Supporters:

Libya, Ivory Coast, Sierra Leone, United States

Narrative Summary:

NAG Support Dataset Code: 319

UCDP/PRIO Code: 1358


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Bourke, Gerald. “Journalist Tells of ‘Execution’ Ordeal in Liberia.” The Independent. Independent Print Limited, 29 Aug. 1990. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.

Ellis, Stephen. The Mask of Anarchy: The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of an African Civil War. New York: NYC Press, 2007. Print.

“Ex-Rebel Leader Accuses USA of Double Standard in Liberian Conflict.” BBC Monitoring. BBC Monitoring, 17 June 2008. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.

Goshko, John. “U.S. Says Burkina Faso Is Aiding Rebels.” The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company, 6 Nov. 1992. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.

Huband, Mark. “Doe May Not Survive Rebel Onslaught.” The Financial Times. FT Information LTD, 4 May 1990. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.

---. “Liberians Train Mercenaries in Burkina Faso.” The Guardian. Guardian Publications, Limited, 19 Dec. 1991. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.

---. “Rebel Splits Threaten to Engulf Neighbours in Liberia’s War: West African Leaders Are Determined to Crush Charles Taylor before the Region Is Set Ablaze.” The Guardian. Guardian Publications, Limited, 13 Nov. 1990. Web. 30 May 2014.

---. “Taylor Is Forced to Sign Ceasefire.” The Guardian. Guardian Publications, Limited, 29 Nov. 1990. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.

Kelly, Annie. “Taylor Testifies at War Crimes Trial: Liberia’s Stability under Threat as Commission Faults Johnson-Sirleaf.” Guardian Weekly. Guardian Publications, Limited, 17 July 2009. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.

“Liberia.” UCDP Conflict Encycolopedia. Uppsala University Department of Peace and Conflict Research, n.d. Web. 3 Apr. 2014.

Towers, Roy. “Human Rights Put on Hold While Liberia’s War of Atrocities Lasts.” The Herald. Newsquest, 28 June 1993. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.

“Waging War to Keep the Peace: The ECOMOG Intervention and Human Rights.” Human Rights Watch. Human Rights Watch, June 1993. Web. 1 Apr. 2014.

Waugh, Colin M. Charles Taylor and Liberia: Ambition and Atrocity in Africa’s Lone Star State. London and New York: Zed Books, 2011. Print.